At the beginning of the Internet age dial-up connections via an analogue telephone network, with transmission rates of just a few kilobits per second, were common. Today, the residential market is dominated by high-speed access via DSL-based and cable connections.
They provide high bandwidth connections and are usually twinned with a flat rate model. A VDSL Internet connection allows download speeds of 50 megabits per second and more. With DSL connections, the download transmission rate is a multiple of the upload rate, reflecting the average consumption of end users.
In the professional environment Internet access is available on a leased line basis, with far higher upload and download rates. Having the same upload and download transfer rates permits the operation of central server applications and connecting branch offices.
With the advent of smartphones and tablet devices, the mobile Internet has grown enormously in importance. Modern transmission standards such as UMTS (3G) and LTE (4G) offer similar high bandwidth levels comparable with wired Internet connections and a high level of network coverage is available for mobile customers. This allows the use of mobile Internet from any location.